In the meantime, Portuguese mariners sailed beyond Cape Bojador, Morocco, for the first time in the s. Aguirre Beltran believed they were human-jaguar combination. Columbus used brutality and cruelty to restore order. My post was not a confirmed theory if u understand well d part 'maybe'.
The two currents are the Guinea Current and the Canary Current. The Mende script found on monuments at Monte Alban in Mexico, has been deciphered and it was found to be identical to the Mende script used in West Africa. Trade Winds would deliver a vessel at North America around the Bahamas Islands, which was right in the heart of the Olmec civilization.
The book, "A History of the African-Olmecs presents many references from Chinese sources to support the fact of Black civilizations in ancient China.
Kwang-chih Chang The Archaeology of ancient Chinap. These differences are too close and occur too frequently to be a coincidence. What other 'proof'' are you looking for. The Olmecs studied the Venus Complex in astronomy. Some have conjectured that Columbus was able to persuade the Catholic Monarchs of Castile and Aragon to support his planned voyage only because they were aware of some recent earlier voyage across the Atlantic.
This calendar was quite accurate and very similar to the egyptian calendar.
The leading researcher on this subject today is Ivan Van Sertima, who has written several books on the subject. His route consisted of four legs. They might have journeyed into the Atlantic after iron ore deposits or a storm could have driven them into the Atlantic.
There were other sightings in the Americas that were reported. Afterwards, the language was found to be the very same language spoken by the Mende of West Africa. The Palenque "cross", for instance, is almost certainly a stylized maize plant. Most historians will display pictures of the stone heads without an explanation.
Hundreds of clay and terracota busts, statuettes and figurines also show Black African racial and cultural traits. If genuine and if not placed there after the pottery found with it dates to between and  the find provides evidence for at least a one-time contact between the Old and New Worlds. Bronze working had not been developed in Alaska at the time and suggest the bronze came from nearby Asia—possibly China, Korea, or Russia.
Both the Olmecs and the Shango worshippers in West Africa placed an emphasis on the religious significance of children in their religious practices. The vessels covered a distance of 2, miles carrying cargo from food and people, to elephants and building material.
The report is the first evidence that metal from Asia reached prehistoric North America before the contact with Europeans, stating that X-ray fluorescence identified two of these artifacts as smelted industrial alloys with large proportions of tin and lead.
The naturalist and author, I. Was there African presence in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus.
Lawrence wrote African Explorers of the New World. After all he was " admiral of the ocean sea " and governor-general of the new lands he discovered. This skeletal evidence explains the discovery of many African tribes in Mexico and Central America when Columbus discovered the Americas de Quatrefages, Later geological investigations showed them to be a local rock known as Monterey shaleand they are thought to have been used by Chinese settlers fishing off the coast in the nineteenth century.
There are two currents that originate off the coast of Africa and flow west to the Americas. The legend of Saint Brendanan Irish monk, involves a fantastical journey into the Atlantic Ocean in search of Paradise in the 6th century.
The Olmecs also had a religious practice of Thunder worship where the ax was a prominent feature. Historians, archeologists, anthropologists and other scientists and scholars now know that Columbus did not discover America.
So why did he travel to Africa?. sailed to the New World before Columbus. The heads are clearly crafted in the likeness of Africans. The same civilization that created these giant heads was also responsible for introducing written language, arts, sophisticated astronomy and mathematics to Mesoamerican civilization, ancient African historian Professor Van Sertima explained.
Long before Christopher Columbus set out for his first trip to the Americas ina number of Africans had already made this voyage. Although the Malians, led by King Abubakari II, made the.
--Before Columbus: How Africans Brought Civilization to America "One of the first documented instances of Africans sailing and settling in the Americas were black Egyptians led by King Ramses III, during the 19th dynasty in BC.
In truth, Africans began coming to the Americas thousands of years before Columbus; and the evidence of their presence, though systematically ignored by mainstream scholars, is overwhelming and undeniable.
They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America (Journal of African Civilizations) [Ivan Van Sertima] on douglasishere.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America/5(). Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories relate to visits or interactions with the Americas and/or indigenous peoples of the Americas by people from Africa, Asia, Europe, or Oceania before Columbus's first voyage to the Caribbean in Such contact is generally accepted in prehistory, but has been hotly debated in the historic period.Africans before columbus